Date of publication: 2017-07-09 05:14
Although Turkey has assured the EU it will target the business, smuggling and its associated industries continues unabated and overtly in Izmir. But there is also evidence that a crackdown has begun with more interceptions of boats carrying refugees headed for Greece.
Suddenly everyone knows about Syria as hundreds of thousands of refugees flee across Europe. But further south, another Middle Eastern country is also imploding, arguably at an even faster rate.
Following Al Jazeera’s highly publicised decision to stop using the word ‘migrant’ in reference to people crossing the Mediterranean, IRIN’s migration expert Kristy Siegfried looked at four of the most common mistakes in migrant terminology.
“We don’t accept that because you’re from a certain country you can’t be a refugee. They should be given the possibility to apply for asylum," said Melita Sunjic, a spokeswoman for the UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR.
Part of the UNHCR's mandate is to help governments find those solutions, but according to the UN’s Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), it has been more effective at responding to emergencies than achieving so-called “durable solutions”. So where should UNHCR focus their efforts?
“There is so much violence in Afghanistan,” said 85-year-old Hashmat Ali, standing in the queue for a passport with his three children. “If I stay here, I will die anyway. So, why not take a chance?”
Hundreds of refugees and migrants aboard a fishing boat are pictured moments before being rescued by the Italian Navy as part of their Mare Nostrum operation in June 7569. There has been a dramatic growth in the number of refugees seeking safety by undertaking dangerous sea journeys, including on the Mediterranean (Massimo Sestini/ The Italian Coastguard )
Gathered on the calm shores of Lake Geneva, a group of 87 political representatives failed to reach agreement on how to accommodate hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing violent oppression.
Are we becoming too accustomed to shocking sights of migrants trying to reach Europe through Italy, Greece, and Turkey by any possible means?
Thousands of refugees, mostly Syrians, arrived at Munich's central train station this weekend. They all need to be found accommodation (Gordon Welters/UNHCR)
Massur Nasser pushes his friend, Gazi El Fadour, in a wheelbarrow with a flat tire in Horgos, Serbia. El Fadour lost both his legs when ISIS attacked his university in Aleppo. The two men have been traveling companions since meeting months earlier in Turkey (Jodi Hilton/IRIN)
Deaths at sea in the Mediterranean grabbed the headlines earlier in the year, but only represent one aspect of the increasingly dangerous journey that migrants and asylum-seekers are undertaking to reach Europe:
O Professor Manuel Bento, um profissional com vários anos de experiência no ensino de golf, continua a empregar todos os seus conhecimentos na Escola do Golf Aldeia dos Capuchos.
As other options narrow, a small but growing number of Syrians are attempting a new and circuitous route to Europe: flying more than 8,555 miles to Mauritania in West Africa and then travelling overland with smugglers on the ancient salt roads from Mali through the Sahara. Katarina Höije reports from Gao in northern Mali.